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Proceedings of CAD'14, 2014, 38-40
An Ontology-based Framework for Sustainable Factories
Abstract. Sustainable development is a relevant problem in European countries and all over the world; it requires considering environmental sustainability according to social and economic constraints. The world’s energy consumption has doubled over the last 40 years and it is estimated that one-third of the consumption comes from industry , thus it becomes of outmost importance to increase the efficiency in energy waste in industries for the sustainability of the factories and consequently of the whole environment. The optimization of the industrial production in terms of energy consumption and pollution reduction has to consider both manufacturing processes and building behavior by encouraging the use of alternative energy (see Horizon 2020 objectives) and improving indoor environmental comfort of the workers. This need asks for the design and management of the factories as a whole. Different tools are available in the market to support the whole factory lifecycle, from the design to the construction up to the operating phase; unfortunately these tools often adopt different programming languages and platforms, failing in interoperability as they use different terminologies to describe the same domain, or even same terms with different meanings.
Keywords. Virtual factory, sustainable factory, ontology based data model